IIHR regrets the passing of former Executive Secretary, the Brazilian jurist Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade

Fecha: (7/11/2022 9:34:50 AM)

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San José, Costa Rica, May 2022. IIHR President Claudio Grossman, Honorary President and Founder, Thomas Buergenthal, and Honorary President, Sonia Picado, together with the Board of Directors, General Assembly, Executive Secretary and staff profoundly regret the passing on May 29 of the distinguished Brazilian jurist Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade. Antonio was the IIHR Executive Director from 1994 to 1996 and remained a member of the General Assembly and presided over the Editorial Board of the IIHR Review.

He was, in addition, a member of the IIHR Board of Directors from 1988 to 1994, to which was unanimously re-elected in 1996, when he finished his mandate as Executive Director, and was also legal advisor. He represented the Institute in the preparatory work to the UN World Conference on Human Rights (1992-1993) and the regional and satellite meetings and finally at the Vienna Conference (1993). He lectured, on numerous occasions, at the emblematic Interdisciplinary Course on Human Rights and was academic coordinator of multiple specialized courses and seminars, both at IIHR headquarters and in various countries. His juridical doctrine may be found in articles published in the IIHR Review, to which he assiduously contributed since 1985, in addition to other publications,

Under his leadership as Executive Director, the Institute heightened its relations with other actors such as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Committee of the Red Cross, strengthening the convergences and interactions between International Human Rights Law and other areas of law, such as International Humanitarian Law. During this time, the IIHR broadened and strengthened its relations with international bodies, public authorities and civil society; provided an impetus to research and publications; opened new areas of study, such as the relationship between the environment and human rights; strongly supported the protection of migrants, refugees and the internally displaced within the framework of the process of Cartagena and the Permanent Consultation on Internal Displacement in the Americas, which brought together various regional institutions.

Antonio was a judge on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2006) over which he presided for two terms (1999-2003) and was elected in 2009 as a judge on the International Court of Justice. His work on the Inter-American Court, based on his humanism, has set jurisprudential precedents that have broadened the protection of the individual; today they are recognized in every region of the world and they have increasingly found their way into the domestic law of the States; each of his votes is a lesson in legal preciseness and will continue to promote the values and principles of human rights, human dignity and the rule of law.

As judge, professor and academic researcher, he made numerous contributions, in a vast output of articles, books and conferences, to the development of the International Law of Human Rights. In those efforts,  we are undoubtedly able to discern his transcendent vision and his work on the conceptualization of the project of life, integral reparation, justiciability of economic, social, cultural and environmental rights and the centrality of the victim in the processes of the defense and promotion oflocus and jus standi.

In addition to lamenting the passing of Antonio, the IIHR extends its sincere condolences to his family and repeats its gratitude to the jurist, professor and academic who, for his strong commitment to human rights and to the dignity of all people, deserves to be recognized as a humanist.

The IIHR will dedicate the edition No. 76 of its Review and its 40th Interdisciplinary Course to the memory of its friend Antonio and his impressive legacy.


San José, May 30, 2022