IIHR Review

Fecha: (2/26/2016 3:23:57 PM)

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The 62nd edition of the IIHR Review contains articles that are part of the institutional strategy 2015-2020. One of the priorities is the recognition and appreciation of national, ethnic and cultural, gender, sexual, age, religious, ideological, social, economic, political or capability diversities, with emphasis on persons in vulnerable situations. The comprehensive strategy also seeks to encourage a change of perception, both social and institutional, which would make it possible to undertake and prioritize the principles of equality and non-discrimination in order to prompt specific actions for eliminating prejudice and stigmatizing stereotypes and promoting the eradication of discrimination and the criminalization of differences.

This edition of the Review includes the "Recognition and protection of diversity in the oneness of humankind," whose author, Fernando Javier Baralt Briceño (Spain), tries to answer questions such as "what is the oneness of humankind? What is the dignity of the person and why is it inseparable from his or her nature? How is it possible that the nature of humankind is unique and each person as an individual, in his or her uniqueness, is different” in order to “understand why are humans different and at which level must this diversity be protected."

In the second article, "Equality and non-discrimination: analysis of its application to indigenous communities," Natalia Patricia Copello Barone (Argentina) makes a “legal, jurisprudential and doctrinal analysis" in which it “will treat it as an assumption and will analyze the ideology behind the relevant material on rights such as that of the identity" of indigenous peoples.

In "The community development fund as collective reparations for indigenous communities,” Angel Salvador Ferrer (Spain) examines the payment of reparations for indigenous peoples ordered by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. These community funds are "one of the many ways in which the Court has approached its mandate to restore to the victim or victims, as much as possible, the situation prevailing prior to the wrongful action in cases of human rights violations, particularly with respect to community development funds as compensatory satisfaction of non-pecuniary damages suffered by indigenous communities."

Laura García Juan (Spain) contributed "Public policies oriented towards equal rights. The key to maintaining social peace in the new host countries of waves of migrant workers," an article that studies transnational labor migration.

"The protection of human rights of persons with disabilities by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights" was the subject of an article by Jesica Paola Gomez Muñoz (Colombia) in which she explores the "standards developed by the Court in the different areas in which it promotes, observes and protects human rights."

The issue of refugees was discussed in "Obstacles and challenges to applications of asylum in Brazil," by Rinara Granato Santos and Nilo Lima de Azevedo, who address "certain details concerning the question of the international protection given to refugees and it focuses on the Brazilian situation, dealing especially with the growing demand for asylum and the fragility of the practices applied by the competent authorities in the required processes."

Finally, Ronny Leiva Salamanca (Chile) emphasizes the active role of "Women in reconstructing Mapuche society," which argues that they have played a substantial role in the this process.

As can be seen from these brief reviews, the IIHR Review analyzes vulnerable populations, including indigenous women, migrants and refugees, and persons with disabilities, in light of the recognition and protection of diversity and the application of the principles of equality and non-discrimination.

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Adapted from the presentation of the IIHR Executive Director, Joseph Thompson